Berlin wall primary sources. Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources

berlin wall primary sources

We could walk along the streets and talk without having to turn around every so often in case anyone was behind us. In honor of the this week of the Wall's fall, we've included three of the most remarkable reflections from Berliners whose lives were very much defined by one of history's most consequential barriers. Movement of military and civilian personnel was restricted. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! This same division into West and East occurred in Berlin. Commissioned by the German Bundestag in 2010 and finished and ratified in 1992. Additionally, there is also an interactive quiz that summarizes the information further. Instead of expelling the west, Berlin became ground zero in a contest of tit-for-tat brinksmanship with a serious risk of erupting into nuclear war.

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East & West Germany

berlin wall primary sources

It consisted of concrete slabs reaching nearly 12-feet high 3. He came to the factory to give us a pep talk, something about getting a peace treaty. Many are publications of the U. The telegram recommends actions to be taken to improve the movement of people across the Berlin border. Contact Information By postal mail: Central Intelligence Agency Office of Public Affairs Washington, D.

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The Berlin Wall

berlin wall primary sources

We go to great lengths to keep these channels secure, but any communication via the internet poses some risk. These primary sources will be valuable to teachers, scholars, and students. The first of the young men to reach it was successful. Many of those who escaped were young, trained professionals. If they wanted to keep out spies, security personnel on both sides of the Berlin Wall had to become sophisticated readers of facial features. This included 60,000 people who had working in the city.

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Fall of the Berlin Wall

berlin wall primary sources

There are several interesting elements that can be seen in this short excerpt. During the history of the Berlin Wall, it is estimated that about 5,000 people made it safely across. It became a powerful symbol of communist tyranny that Western leaders, starting with President John F. Government organizations that provide the background and the political ramifications of the Wall's construction. And there are some who say in Europe and elsewhere we can work with the Communists.

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Reagan at the Berlin Wall

berlin wall primary sources

There are many here who think as we do. On May 23, 1949, the British, French, and American zones became the Federal Republic of Germany or West Germany, a capitalist state that advanced rapidly toward social and economic reform. West Berlin citizens hold a vigil atop the Berlin Wall in front of the Brandenburg Gate on November 10, 1989, the day after the East German government opened the border between East and West Berlin. They had of course, to work during the day in state-owned enterprises in an unfree society and were subject to an arbitrary legal system. They simply have no idea how to sit down and talk to these people or how to deal with the terrible complexes that they get in the East zone. September 28, 1961 Letter from Khrushchev to Ulbricht Regarding the Situation in Berlin Khrushchev response to Ulbricht's 15 September letter regarding the closing of the border between east and west Berlin. In October 1989, Honecker was forced to resign after losing support from Gorbachev.

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The National Archives Learning Curve

berlin wall primary sources

Due to some of the large file sizes, we recommend that you save them rather than try to open them directly. Desperate to keep its citizens, East Germany knew that something needed to be done. This one was made out of concrete blocks and topped with barbed wire. Until November 9, 1989, when the world watched as Berliners traveled freely, harmoniously from the east side of the Germany to the west, from the west side of Germany to the east. This link also has other clips related to the wall at different points in time.

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